Visited on: 22nd September, 2018.
Thiruppanaiyur is located at a distance of about 12 kms from Thiruvarur on the Thiruvarur to Mayiladuthurai (via Andippanthal- Sannanallur-Peralam) route. Take the diversion road from this temple’s arch after Sannanallur and proceed further for about 1.5 kms to reach this temple.
From Andipanthal, cross the Putharu railway crossing and travel further for about 3 kms to reach Panayur.
Other Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams near this place are –
Nannilam, Thiru Kondeecharam, Thiru Marugal, Thiru Virkudi, Thiru Chengattangudi, Thiruppayatrur, Ramanatheecharam, Sree Vanchiyam, Thiru Pukalur, Thiru Pukalur Varthamaneecharam and Thiru Chathamangai.
|Moolavar||Sri Soundareswarar, Sri Thalavaneswarar, Sri Azhakiya Nathar|
|Ambal||Sri Brahan Nayaki, Sri Periya Nayaki|
|Theertham (Holy water)||Amirtha Pushkarni, Parasara Theertham, Thirumakal Theertham|
|Sthala Vriksham (Sacred Tree)||Palm tree|
|Pathigam (Hymn) rendered by ||Saint Thirugnanasambanthar,|
Saint Sundaramurthy (Sundarar).
- This is one of the 276 Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams and 73rd Shiva Sthalam on the Southern bank of the river Cauvery in Chozha Nadu (Thenkarai).
- Lord Shiva in this temple is a Swayambumurthi (self-manifested).
- This east facing temple’s main tower is not tiered. In fact, the tower itself is very small. In place of the Gopuram, there is a beautiful sculpture depicting Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathy.
- This temple has two corridors and it does not have a flag post “Dwajasthambam”.
- The great Chola King Karikalan lived in this place in his childhood.
- The last consecration ceremony (Maha Kumbabishekam) took place on 26.08.1973.
History of the Temple
The historical name of this place is Thalavanam and the temple is known as Thalavaneswaram (“Thalam” means palm tree).
Of the 276 Paadal Petra Shivasthalams, very few temples have Palm tree (Panai) as their Sthala Viruksham. This temple is one of them. The other temples having this sthala viruksham are - Thiru Panaiyur, Thiru Vanparthan Panankattur, Thiru Puravaar Panankattur, Thiru Cheyyar, Thiru Mazhapadi, Thiru Valampuram and Thiruppanandal.
According to history, the great Chola King Karikalan grew up in this temple and lived here for around 10 years so that he could be shielded from his enemies. Karikalan was born after his father King Ilamchetchenni was killed by his enemies. After his father’s death, Karikalan and his mother were sent to this temple by his maternal uncle, Irumbidar Thalaiyar who was a Sangam era poet. Irumbidar Thalaiyar did so to ensure that the boy could be raised in peace.
At this temple, Karikalan’s mother prayed to the lord asking him to protect them from their enemies. It is believed that Lord Vinayakar here started protecting them. When Karikalan attained the age of 13, with his uncle’s help, he fought and regained his kingdom. It is believed that when the Chola ministers sent a state elephant to look for the prince, the elephant found Karikalan and garlanded him.
At the entrance of this temple, there is an idol of Vinayakar called “Thunai Iruntha Vinayagar” (“thunai” means escort, “iruntha” means side by in Tamil).
There are about 14 stone inscriptions in this temple which date back to the periods of Chola king Kulothungan-I, Sundara Pandiyan, Parakirama Pandiyan, Rajathi Rajan-I and Rajarajan II.
In these inscriptions, the lord is mentioned as Panaiyadiyappan and Panangattiraivan. It is also mentioned that this temple was built in granite in the early 11th century. The village around this temple is referred to as Rajendra Cholap Panaiyur.
This temple is under the administrative control of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of Government of Tamil Nadu (HR&CE).