Visited on: 30th June, 2018
Thiru Kandiyur is situated at a distance of about 3 kms from Thiruvaiyaru on the Thiruvaiyaru to Tanjore route. From Tanjore, this place is about 10 kms away.
Other Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalam near this place are –
Thiruvaiyaru, Thiru Neithanam, Thiruppazhanam, Thiru Chotruthurai, Thiruvedhikudi, Thiruppunthuruthi and Thiru Alampozhil.
|Moolavar||Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar, Sri Brahma Sira Kandeeswarar, Sri Adhi Vilvavana Nathar|
|Theertham (Holy water)||Brahma Theertham, Nandhi Theertham, Daksha Theertham, river Kudamurutti|
|Sthala Vriksham (Sacred Tree)||Vilvam tree|
|Pathigam (Hymn) rendered by||Saint Thirugnanasambanthar-1,|
Saint Thirunavukarasar (Appar)-1
- This is one of the 276 Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams and 12th Shiva Sthalam on the Southern bank of the river Cauveri in Chozha Nadu (Thenkarai).
- Lord Shiva in this temple is a Swayambumurthi (self-manifested).
- This is the first among the eight Veerattana sthalams.
- This is one of the Sapthasthanam temple of Thiruvaiyaru.
- This west facing temple has two corridors and its main tower (Rajagopuram) has 5-tiers.
History of the Temple
This ancient temple is located on the banks of the river Kudamurutti.
In the stone inscriptions, the lord is referred to as “Thiru Veerattanattu Mahadevar” and “Thirukkandiyur Udaiya Mahadevar”.
The historical names of this place are Aadhi Vilvaaranyam and Tri Moorthy Sthalam.
There are certain stone inscriptions in this temple which date back to the periods of Pallava king Nirupathunga Varman, Chola kings Koppara Kesari Varman, Uthama Cholan and Rajendra Cholan-I.
This temple is under the administrative control of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of Government of Tamil Nadu (HR&CE).
Atta Veeratta Sthalams
In Hindu mythology, there are eight special places where it is believed that Lord Shiva vanquished various demons and exhibited acts of bravery. These places are Veeratta Sthalams. In Tamil, this is referred to as “Atta Veerattanam” (“Atta” means eight and “Veeram” means bravery). Thirukkandiyur (this place) is the first Veeratta Sthalam where one of Lord Brahma’s five heads was plucked by Lord Shiva.
The other seven Veeratta Sthalams are –
- Thirukkovilur where the demon Andhakasuran was vanquished;
- Thiruvathigai where the lord is believed to have done the “Thiripura Samharam”.
- Keezha Parasalur where Dakshan’s yagna was stopped and he was killed;
- Thiruvirkudi where the demon Jalandharasuran was killed;
- Thiru Vazhuvur where the elephant Gajasuran was vanquished;
- Thiru Korukkai where Manmathan was burnt and later blessed.
- Thirukkadaiyur where Lord Yama was kicked and punished to save Markandeya.