Visited on: 30th September, 2017.

Location

Nedungalam is situated at a distance of about 4 kms from Thuvakkudi (near Thiruverumbur) on the Thiruchirappalli to Tanjure route. Thuuvakkudi is about 17 kms away from Thiruchirapalli and 42 kms away from Tanjure.

Other Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams near this place are – Thiru Erumbiyur (Thiruverumbur), Mukkeecharam (Urayur) and Thiruchirapalli (Malaikkottai).

General Information

Moolavar
Sri Nedungalanathar, Sri Nithya Sundareswarar
Ambal
Sri Oppila Nayaki, Sri Mangala Nayaki
Theertham (Holy water)
Agasthiyar Theertham, Sundara theertham
Sthala Vriksham (Sacred Tree)
Vilvam & Kasthuri Arali
Pathigam (Hymn) rendered by 
Saint Thirugnanasambanthar


  • This is one of the 276 Devara Paadal Petra Shiva Sthalams and 8th Shiva Sthalam on the Southern bank of the river Cauveri in Chozha Nadu (Thenkarai).
  • Lord Shiva in this temple is a Swayambumurthi (self-manifested).
  • This Sthalam is considered to be as sacred as Kasi.
  • Saint Thirugnanasambanthar’s pathigam of this temple is very famous and is known as “Idar Kalaiyum Pthigam” (which can be loosely translated as “the Pathigam that removes obstacles”).
  • This east facing temple has two corridors and its main tower (Rajagopuram) has 5-tiers.
  •  The last consecration ceremony (Maha Kumbabishekam) took place on 12.03.2014 and prior to that on 30.06.1999.

History of the Temple

Thiru Nedungalam in Tamil means vast plains. This place has been described as “Nedungala Maanagar” in Devaram. It means that it used to be a large city in the olden days. However, now it is a small village.

This place is also known as “Dakshina Kailash” (Southern Kailash).

There are certain stone inscriptions in this temple which date back to the periods of Chola kings Parakesari Varman, Rajarajan, Rajarajan-III, Kulothungan-III and Aditya Karikalan-II. A few other inscriptions date back to the periods of Pandiyas, Hoisala and Vijayanagaram kingdoms.

The lord here is praised by many names - Nedungalanatha Swamy, Nedungalathu Mahadevar, Nedungalathu Nayanar, Kalanthai Nayakar, Kayilayathu Mahadevar and Sundaramurthy.

This temple is under the administrative control of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of Government of Tamil Nadu (HR&CE).


Legend

Lord Shiva in this temple is depicted as Sri Arthanareeswarar. Arthanareeswarar signifies a synergy between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathy. According to the legend of this temple, Lord Shiva is not seated in the centre of the sanctum. He is seated a little bit away from the centre, making way for Goddess Parvathi to occupy a place near him. Although there is no idol for Goddess Parvathi inside the sanctum, she is believed to be present there (present as “Aroopam” or “formless”).  Hence, there are two towers (Vimanams) on the sanctum sanctorum. Such a structure having two Vimanams can only be seen in Kasi.

It is believed that while Goddess Parvathi was performing penance in this place, Lord Shiva came in the form of a dacoit to play a prank. Goddess Parvathi was frightened and hid in a garden of “Thazhai” plants at a place called “Olimadhi Cholai”. Later Lord Shiva identified himself and took her back to Mount Kailash. A place called Olimadhi Cholai can still be seen near this temple.

It is believed that Sage Agasthiyar created a well, installed a lingam and worshiped the lord here.

It is also believed that Lord Shiva granted his wedding darshan to Vankiya Cholan, a Chola King. Hence the lord here is also praised as “Sri Nithya Sundareswarar”.

Deities in the temple

Other than the shrines of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathy, shrines and idols of Valampuri Vinayakar, Murugan with his consorts, Varadaraja Perumal with Sridevi and Bhoodevi, Jyeshta Devi, Appu Lingam, Vayu Lingam, Koppu Lingam, Iyanar, Sapthamadakkal, Navagraham, Suryan, Chandran, Bairavar, Kala Bairavar and Nalvar with Sekkizhar can be seen in the corridors.

In the inner corridor, procession idols of Natarajar, Somaskandar and Chandirasekarar can be seen.

In the “koshtam” (place surrounding the sanctum sanctorum), idols of Vinayakar, Yoga Dakshinamurthy, Ammaiyappar (Arthanareeswarar), Durgai and Chandikeswarar can be seen.

In the corridor, there is a separate shrine for Sri Agasthiyar lingam near the Agasthiyar Theertham. 

At the entrance of the temple, either side of the main tower, separate shrines for Vinayakar and Murugan can be seen.

Salient Features

Saint Thirugnanasambanthar rendered his famous “Idarkalayum Pathigam” here.

Making offerings of pomegranate to the lord is considered very auspicious here.

Abhishekam is also performed using pomegranates.

This temple’s lord was praised by Saint Ayyadigal kadavarkon, one of the 63 Nayanmars, in his “Kshethira Thiruvenba”. He is believed to have lived before Saints Thirugnanasambanthar and Thirunavukkarasar (Appar).

The idol of Lord Yoga Dakshinamoorthy is beautiful and its posture is quite unique

It is believed that Lord Suryan (Sun) worships Lord Shiva of this temple by directing his rays on the lingam every year for six days from 7th to 12th in the Tamil month of Adi ((July-Aug).

Sapthamadakkal are housed in two places in the corridors. In one place, they are depicted individually as separate idols and in the other place they are beautifully engraved on a granite slab.

It is believed that the Agasthiyar Theertham never goes dry.

In this temple’s Navagraham, Suryan is facing west and can be seen with his two wives. The rest of the planets are facing Suryan.

Saint Arunagirinadhar has sang songs in praise of Lord Murugan of this temple in his revered Thirupugazh.

There is an artistic stone grinder (“Sirpa Ural”) of the Chola period in this temple.

Greatness of this temple

Devotees believe that reciting the “Idarkalayum Pathigam” will remove all kinds of obstacles faced by them.

It is believed that those seeking “Santhana Prapthi” (child boon) can pray to the lord here. 

For removal of obstacles from their marriage proposals, devotees make an offering of turmeric powder, grinded in the stone Ural here, to Goddess Varahi, one of the Sapthamadakkal.

Important Festivals

Some of the important festivals celebrated in the temple are – 

Aadi Velli on all Fridays in the Tamil month of Aadi (July-Aug),

Vinayakar Chaturthi in the Tamil month of Aavani (Aug-Sept),

Annabishekam in the Tamil month of Aippasi (Oct–Nov),

Thiru Karthikai in the Tamil month of Karthikai (Nov-Dec) and

Shivrathri in the Tamil month of Masi (Feb-Mar).

Pradosham is also observed regularly.

Also, special poojas are performed on the birth star days of the Nalvar (Saints Thiru Gnanasambanthar, Thurunavukkarasar, Sundarar and Manicka Vasakar).

Temple Timings

From 06.30 AM to 12.00 Noon and from 04.30 PM to 08.00 PM.

Temple Address

Sri Nedungalanathaswamy Temple,
Thiru Nedungalam Post,
Tuvakkudi Via,
Trichy Taluk & District,
Tamil Nadu – 620 015.
Tele: +91 431 252 0126.

The temple priest Sri Ramesh Gurukkal can be contacted at: 95788 94382 and 98420 28774.


Pathigam (Hymn) with English transliteration

Saint Thirugnanasambanthar visited this temple and sang this Pathigam.

Devotees visiting this temple should make it a practice to recite this Pathigam.

மறையுடையாய் தோலுடையாய் வார்சடை மேல்வளரும்
பிறையுடையாய் பிஞ்ஞகனே யென்றுனைப் பேசினல்லால்
குறையுடையார் குற்றமோராய் கொள்கையி னாலுயர்ந்த
நிறையுடையார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Maṟaiyuṭaiyāy thōluṭaiyāy vārsaṭai mēlvaḷarum
piṟaiyuṭaiyāy piññakaṉē yeṉtṟuṉaip pēsiṉallāl
kuṟaiyuṭaiyār kutṟamōrāy koḷkaiyi ṉāluyarntha
niṟaiyuṭaiyār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

கனைத்தெழுந்த வெண்டிரைசூழ் கடலிடை நஞ்சுதன்னைத்
தினைத்தனையா மிடற்றில்வைத்த திருந்திய தேவநின்னை
மனத்தகத்தோர் பாடலாடல் பேணி யிராப்பகலும்
நினைத்தெழுவார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Kaṉaiththezhuntha veṇṭiraichūzh kaṭaliṭai nañchuthaṉṉaith
thiṉaiththaṉaiyā miṭatṟilvaiththa thirunthiya thēvaniṉṉai
maṉaththakaththōr pāṭalāṭal pēṇi yirāppakalum
niṉaiththezhuvār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

நின்னடியே வழிபடுவான் நிமலா நினைக்கருத
என்னடியான் உயிரைவவ்வேல் என்றடல் கூற்றுதைத்த
பொன்னடியே பரவிநாளும் பூவொடு நீர்சுமக்கும்
நின்னடியார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Niṉṉaṭiyē vazhipaṭuvāṉ nimalā niṉaikkarutha
eṉṉaṭiyāṉ uyiraivavvēl eṉtṟaṭal kūtṟuthaiththa
poṉṉaṭiyē paravināḷum pūvoṭu nīrsumakkum
niṉṉaṭiyār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

மலைபுரிந்த மன்னவன்றன் மகளையோர் பால்மகிழ்ந்தாய்
அலைபுரிந்த கங்கைதங்கும் அவிர்சடை ஆரூரா
தலைபுரிந்த பலிமகிழ்வாய் தலைவநின் றாள்நிழற்கீழ்
நிலைபுரிந்தார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Malaipurintha maṉṉavaṉtṟaṉ makaḷaiyōr pālmakizhnthāy
alaipurintha kaṅkaithaṅkum avirsaṭai ārūrā
thalaipurintha palimakizhvāy thalaivaniṉ tṟāḷnizhaṟkīzh
nilaipurinthār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

பாங்கினல்லார் படிமஞ்செய்வார் பாரிட மும்பலிசேர்
தூங்கிநல்லார் பாடலோடு தொழுகழ லேவணங்கித்
தாங்கிநில்லா அன்பினோடுந் தலைவநின் றாள்நிழற்கீழ்
நீங்கிநில்லார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Pāṅkiṉallār paṭimañcheyvār pāriṭa mumpalisēr
thūṅkinallār pāṭalōṭu thozhukazha lēvaṇaṅkith
thāṅkinillā aṉpiṉōṭun thalaivaniṉ tṟāḷnizhaṟkīzh
nīṅkinillār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

விருத்தனாகிப் பாலனாகி வேதமோர் நான்குணர்ந்து
கருத்தனாகிக் கங்கையாளைக் கமழ்சடை மேற்கரந்தாய்
அருத்தனாய ஆதிதேவன் அடியிணை யேபரவும்
நிருத்தர்கீதர் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Viruththaṉākip pālaṉāki vēthamōr nāṉkuṇarnthu
karuththaṉākik gaṅgaiyāḷaik kamazhsaṭai mēṟkaranthāy
aruththaṉāya āthithēvaṉ aṭiyiṇai yēparavum
niruththarkīthar iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

கூறுகொண்டாய் மூன்றுமொன்றாக் கூட்டியோர் வெங்கணையால்
மாறுகொண்டார் புரமெரித்த மன்னவ னேகொடிமேல்
ஏறுகொண்டாய் சாந்தமீதென் றெம்பெரு மானணிந்த
நீறுகொண்டார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Kūṟukoṇṭāy mūṉtṟumoṉtṟāk kūṭṭiyōr veṅkaṇaiyāl
māṟukoṇṭār purameriththa maṉṉava ṉēkoṭimēl
ēṟukoṇṭāy sānthamītheṉ tṟemperu māṉaṇintha
nīṟukoṇṭār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

குன்றினுச்சி மேல்விளங்குங் கொடிமதிற் சூழிலங்கை
அன்றிநின்ற அரக்கர்கோனை அருவரைக் கீழடர்த்தாய்
என்றுநல்ல வாய்மொழியால் ஏத்தியி ராப்பகலும்
நின்றுநைவா ரிடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Kuṉtṟiṉuchchi mēlviḷaṅkuṅ koṭimathiṟ chūzhilaṅkai
aṉtṟiniṉtṟa arakkarkōṉai aruvaraik kīzhaṭarththāy
eṉtṟunalla vāymozhiyāl ēththiyi rāppakalum
niṉtṟunaivā riṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

வேழவெண்கொம் பொசித்தமாலும் விளங்கிய நான்முகனுஞ்
சூழவெங்கும் நேடவாங்கோர் சோதியு ளாகிநின்றாய்
கேழல்வெண்கொம் பணிந்தபெம்மான் கேடிலாப் பொன்னடியின்
நீழல்வாழ்வா ரிடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Vēzhaveṇkom posiththamālum viḷaṅkiya nāṉmukaṉuñ
chūḻaveṅkum nēṭavāṅkōr chōthiyu ḷākiniṉtṟāy
kēzhalveṇkom paṇinthapem'māṉ kēṭilāp poṉṉaṭiyiṉ
nīzhalvāzhvā riṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

வெஞ்சொல்தஞ்சொல் லாக்கிநின்ற வேடமி லாச்சமணுந்
தஞ்சமில்லாச் சாக்கியருந் தத்துவ மொன்றறியார்
துஞ்சலில்லா வாய்மொழியால் தோத்திரம் நின்னடியே
நெஞ்சில்வைப்பார் இடர்களையாய் நெடுங்கள மேயவனே.

“Veñcholthañchol lākkiniṉtṟa vēṭami lāchchamaṇun
thañchamillāch chākkiyarun thaththuva moṉtṟaṟiyār
thuñchalillā vāymozhiyāl thōththiram niṉṉaṭiyē
neñchilvaippār iṭarkaḷaiyāy neṭuṅkaḷa mēyavaṉē”.

நீடவல்ல வார்சடையான் மேயநெ டுங்களத்தைச்
சேடர்வாழும் மாமறுகிற் சிரபுரக் கோன்நலத்தால்
நாடவல்ல பனுவல்மாலை ஞானசம் பந்தன்சொன்ன
பாடல்பத்தும் பாடவல்லார் பாவம் பறையுமே.

“Nīṭavalla vārsaṭaiyāṉ mēyane ṭuṅkaḷaththaich
chēṭarvāzhum māmaṟukiṟ sirapurak kōṉnalaththāl
nāṭavalla paṉuvalmālai gñāṉasam banthaṉsoṉṉa
pāṭalpaththum pāṭavallār pāvam paṟaiyumē”.